• Strategies for grouping per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) to protect human and environmental health 

      Cousins, Ian T.; DeWitt, Jamie C.; Glüge, Juliane; Goldenman, Gretta; Herzke, Dorte; Lohmann, Rainer; Miller, Mark; Ng, Carla A.; Scheringer, Martin; Vierke, Lena; Wang, Zhanyun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Grouping strategies are needed for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), in part, because it would be time and resource intensive to test and evaluate the more than 4700 PFAS on the global market on a chemical-by-chemical ...
    • The concept of essential use for determining when uses of PFASs can be phased out 

      Cousins, Ian T.; Goldenman, G.; Herzke, Dorte; Lohmann, Rainer; Miller, Mark; Ng, Carla A.; Patton, Sharyle; Scheringer, Martin; Trier, Xenia; Vierke, Lena; Wang, Zhanyun; DeWitt, Jamie (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Because of the extreme persistence of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and their associated risks, the Madrid Statement argues for stopping their use where they are deemed not essential or when safer alternatives ...