Endosulfan, pentachlorobenzene and short-chain chlorinated paraffins in background soils from Western Europe
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionHalse, A.K., Schlabach, M., Schuster, J.K., Jones, K.C., Steinnes, E., Breivik, K. (2015). Endosulfan, pentachlorobenzene and short-chain chlorinated paraffins in background soils from Western Europe. Environmental Pollution, 196, 21-28. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2014.09.009 10.1016/j.envpol.2014.09.009
Soils are major reservoirs for many persistent organic pollutants (POPs). In this study, “newly” regulated POPs i.e. sum endosulfans (a-endosulfan, b-endosulfan, endosulfan sulfate), pentachlorobenzene (PeCB), and short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) were determined in background samples from woodland (WL) and grassland (GL) surface soil, collected along an existing latitudinal UK-Norway transect. Statistical analysis, complemented with plots showing the predicted equilibrium distribution and mobility potential, was then explored to discuss factors controlling their spatial distribution. SCCPs were detected with the highest average concentrations (35 ± 100 ng/g soil organic matter (SOM)), followed by sum endosulfans (3 ± 3 ng/g SOM) and PeCB (1 ± 1 ng/g SOM). PeCB and sum endosulfans share many similarities in their distribution in these background soils as well as with several legacy POPs. A steep decline in concentrations of SCCPs with increasing latitude indicates that their occurrence is dictated by proximity to source regions, while concentrations of Sendosulfans peaked in regions experiencing elevated precipitation rates.