Recent Submissions

  • Air quality mitigation in European cities: Status and challenges ahead 

    Viana, Mar; de Leeuw, Frank; Bartonova, Alena; Castell, Nuria; Öztürk, Evrim Dogan; Ortiz, Alberto González (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Cities are currently at the core of air quality (AQ) improvement. The present work provides an overview of AQ management strategies and outcomes in 10 European cities (Antwerp, Berlin, Dublin, Madrid, Malmö, Milan, Paris, ...
  • Black carbon and ionic species in the Arctic aerosol 

    Eleftheriadis, Kostas; Nyeki, Stephan; Tørseth, Kjetil; Colbeck, Ian (Journal article, 2001)
    Previous studies on Arctic aerosol characteristics have shown a pronounced winter-spring maximum and summer-autumn minimum in aerosol concentration. Measurements of black carbon concentration in the atmospheric aerosol ...
  • Estimation of Damage Cost to Building Façades per kilo Emission of Air Pollution in Norway 

    Grøntoft, Terje (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    This work reports marginal damage costs to façades due to air pollution exposure estimated “bottom up,” for Norway and Oslo (Norway) by the use of exposure response functions (ERFs) and impact pathway analysis from the ...
  • Monitoring of long-range transported air pollutants in Norway. Annual Report 2019. 

    Aas, Wenche; Eckhardt, Sabine; Fiebig, Markus; Solberg, Sverre; Yttri, Karl Espen (NILU report;4/2020, Research report, 2020)
    This report presents results from the monitoring of atmospheric composition and deposition of air pollution in 2019, and focuses on main components in air and precipitation, particulate and gaseous phase of inorganic ...
  • Can statistics of turbulent tracer dispersion be inferred from camera observations of SO2 in the ultraviolet? A modelling study. 

    Kylling, Arve; Ardeshiri, Hamidreza; Cassiani, Massimo; Dinger, Anna Solvejg; Park, Soon-Young; Pisso, Ignacio; Schmidbauer, Josef Norbert; Stebel, Kerstin; Stohl, Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Atmospheric turbulence and in particular its effect on tracer dispersion may be measured by cameras sensitive to the absorption of ultraviolet (UV) sunlight by sulfur dioxide (SO2), a gas that can be considered a passive ...
  • Past and Future Grand Challenges in Marine Ecosystem Ecology 

    Borja, Angel; Andersen, Jesper Harbo; Arvanitidis, Christos D.; Basset, Alberto; Buhl-Mortensen, Lene; Carvalho, Susana; Dafforn, Katherine A.; Devlin, Michelle J.; Escobar-Briones, Elva G.; Grenz, Christian; Harder, Tilmann; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Liu, Dongyan; Metaxas, Anna; Moran, Xose Anxelu G; Newton, Alice (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
  • Strategies for grouping per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) to protect human and environmental health 

    Cousins, Ian T.; DeWitt, Jamie C.; Glüge, Juliane; Goldenman, Gretta; Herzke, Dorte; Lohmann, Rainer; Miller, Mark; Ng, Carla A.; Scheringer, Martin; Vierke, Lena; Wang, Zhanyun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Grouping strategies are needed for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), in part, because it would be time and resource intensive to test and evaluate the more than 4700 PFAS on the global market on a chemical-by-chemical ...
  • Patterns in the spectral composition of sunlight and biologically meaningful spectral photon ratios as affected by atmospheric factors 

    Kotilainen, Titta; Aphalo, Pedro J.; Brelsford, Craig C.; Böok, H.; Devraj, S.; Heikkilä, A.; Hernández, R.; Kylling, Arve; Lindfors, AV; Robson, T. Matthew (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Plants rely on spectral cues present in their surroundings, generated by the constantly changing light environment, to guide their growth and reproduction. Photoreceptors mediate the capture of information by plants from ...
  • Cadmium pollution from zinc‐smelters up to four‐fold higher than expected in western Europe in the 1980s as revealed by alpine ice 

    Legrand, Michel; McConnell, Joseph; Lestel, L.; Preunkert, Susanne; Arienzo, Monica M; Chellman, Nathan J; Stohl, Andreas; Eckhardt, Sabine (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Estimates of past emission inventories suggest that toxic heavy metal pollution in Europe was highest in the mid‐1970s for lead and in the mid‐1960s for cadmium, but these previous estimates have not been compared to ...
  • Validation practices for satellite soil moisture retrievals: What are (the) errors? 

    Gruber, Alexander; de Lannoy, Gabriëlle J.M; Albergel, Clément; Al-Yaari, Amen; Brocca, Luca; Calvet, Jean-Christophe; Colliander, Andreas; Cosh, Michael H.; Crow, Wade T.; Dorigo, Wouter Arnaud; Draper, Clara Sophie; Hirschi, Martin; Kerr, Yann H.; Konings, Alexandra G.; Lahoz, William A.; McColl, Kaighin Alexander; Montzka, Carsten; Muñoz-Sabater, Joaquín; Peng, Jian; Reichle, Rolf H.; Richaume, Philippe; Rüdiger, Christoph; Scanlon, Tracy; van der Schalie, Robin; Wigneron, Jean Pierre; Wagner, Wolfgang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    This paper presents a community effort to develop good practice guidelines for the validation of global coarse-scale satellite soil moisture products. We provide theoretical background, a review of state-of-the-art ...
  • Multi-decadal surface ozone trends at globally distributed remote locations 

    Cooper, Owen R.; Schultz, Martin G.; Schroeder, Sabine; Chang, Kai-Lan; Gaudel, Audrey; Benitez, Gerardo Carbajal; Cuevas, Emilio; Frölich, Marina; Galbally, Ian E.; Molloy, Suzie; Kubistin, Dagmar; Lu, Xiao; McClure-Begley, Audra; Nédélec, Philippe; O'Brien, Jason; Oltmans, Samuel J.; Petropavlovskikh, Irina; Ries, Ludwig; Senik, Irina; Sjöberg, Karin; Solberg, Sverre; Spain, Gerard T.; Spangl, Wolfgang; Steinbacher, Martin; Tarasick, David; Thouret, Valérie; Xu, Xiaobin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Extracting globally representative trend information from lower tropospheric ozone observations is extremely difficult due to the highly variable distribution and interannual variability of ozone, and the ongoing shift of ...
  • Solar UV radiation measurements in Marambio, Antarctica, during years 2017–2019 

    Aun, Margit; Lakkala, Kaisa; Sanchez, Ricardo; Asmi, Eija; Nollas, Fernando; Meinander, Outi; Sogacheva, Larisa; De Bock, Veerle; Arola, Antti; de Leeuw, Gerrit; Aaltonen, Veijo; Bolsee, David; Cizkova, Klara; Mangold, Alexander; Metelka, Ladislav; Jakobson, Erko; Svendby, Tove Marit; Gillotay, Didier; Van Opstal, Bert (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    In March 2017, measurements of downward global irradiance of ultraviolet (UV) radiation were started with a multichannel GUV-2511 radiometer in Marambio, Antarctica (64.23∘ S; 56.62∘ W), by the Finnish Meteorological ...
  • An assessment of the contribution of air pollution to the weathering of limestone heritage in Malta 

    Grøntoft, Terje; Cassar, JoAnn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Malta is known for its limestone megalithic temples of which many are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. A variation of this limestone was historically, and until very few years ago, a primary building material ...
  • Towards better exploitation of Satellite data for monitoring Air Quality in Norway using downscaling techniques (SAT4AQN). Final project report. 

    Stebel, Kerstin; Schneider, Philipp; Kylling, Arve; Svendby, Tove Marit (NILU report;2/2019, Research report, 2020)
    The main goal for the “Towards better exploitation of Satellite data for monitoring Air Quality in Norway using downscaling techniques” (Sat4AQN) project was to evaluate the potential of spatially downscaling satellite ...
  • Social-Environmental Analysis for the Management of Coastal Lagoons in North Africa 

    El Mahrad, Badr; Abalansa, Samuel; Newton, Alice; Icely, John D; Snoussi, Maria; Kacimi, Ilias (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    This study provides an overview of 11 lagoons in North Africa, from the Atlantic to the Eastern Mediterranean. Lagoons are complex, transitional, coastal zones providing valuable ecosystem services that contribute to the ...
  • First assessment of pollutant exposure in two balaenopterid whale populations sampled in the Svalbard Archipelago, Norway 

    Tartu, Sabrina; Fisk, Aaron T.; Götsch, Arntraut; Kovacs, Kit M.; Lydersen, Christian; Routti, Heli Anna Irmeli (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Pollutant concentrations are poorly known for the largest animals on Earth, blue whales Balaenoptera musculus and fin whales Balaenoptera physalus. In this study, concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) were ...
  • A schematic sampling protocol for contaminant monitoring in raptors 

    Espín, Silvia; Andevski, Jovan; Duke, Guy; Eulaers, Igor; Gomez-Ramirez, Pilar; Hallgrimsson, Gunnar Thor; Helander, Björn; Herzke, Dorte; Jaspers, Veerle; Krone, Oliver; Lourenco, Rui; Maria-Mojica, Pedro; Martínez-López, Emma; Mateo, Rafael; Movalli, Paola; Sanchez-Virosta, Pablo; Shore, Richard F.; Sonne, Christian; van den Brink, Nico W.; van Hattum, B.; Vrezec, Al; Wernham, Chris; García-Fernández, Antonio J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Birds of prey, owls and falcons are widely used as sentinel species in raptor biomonitoring programmes. A major current challenge is to facilitate large-scale biomonitoring by coordinating contaminant monitoring activities ...
  • Evaluating the effectiveness of a stove exchange programme on PM2.5 emission reduction 

    Lopez-Aparicio, Susana; Grythe, Henrik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
  • Reducing sampling artifacts in active air sampling methodology for remote monitoring and atmospheric fate assessment of cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes 

    Warner, Nicholas Alexander; Nikiforov, Vladimir; Krogseth, Ingjerd Sunde; Bjørneby, Stine Marie; Kierkegaard, Amelie; Bohlin-Nizzetto, Pernilla (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Active sampling methodology for atmospheric monitoring of cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes (cVMS) was improved to reduce sampling artifacts. A new sorbent, ABN Express (ABN), was evaluated for storage stability and measurement ...
  • Frequency of extreme precipitation increases extensively with event rareness under global warming 

    Myhre, Gunnar; Alterskjær, Kari; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Marelle, Louis; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Sillmann, Jana; Schaller, Nathalie; Fischer, Erich; Schulz, Michael; Stohl, Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
    The intensity of the heaviest extreme precipitation events is known to increase with global warming. How often such events occur in a warmer world is however less well established, and the combined effect of changes in ...

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