Vitenskapelige artikler, kapitler og monografier.

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  • Microplastics in the atmosphere and cryosphere in the circumpolar North: a case for multicompartment monitoring 

    Hamilton, Bonnie M.; Jantunen, Liisa; Bergmann, Melanie; Vorkamp, Katrin; Aherne, Julian; Magnusson, Kerstin; Herzke, Dorte; Granberg, Maria; Hallanger, Ingeborg G.; Gomiero, Alessio; Peeken, Ilka (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    The atmosphere and cryosphere have recently garnered considerable attention due to their role in transporting microplastics to and within the Arctic, and between freshwater, marine, and terrestrial environments. While ...
  • The Emissions Fractions Approach to Assessing the Long-Range Transport Potential of Organic Chemicals 

    Breivik, Knut; McLachlan, Michael S.; Wania, Frank (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    The assessment of long-range transport potential (LRTP) is enshrined in several frameworks for chemical regulation such as the Stockholm Convention. Screening for LRTP is commonly done with the OECD Pov and LRTP Screening ...
  • Population pharmacokinetic modeling of CSF to blood clearance: prospective tracer study of 161 patients under work-up for CSF disorders 

    Hovd, Markus Herberg; Mariussen, Espen; Uggerud, Hilde Thelle; Lashkarivand, Aslan; Christensen, Hege; Ringstad, Geir; Eide, Per Kristian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    Background Quantitative measurements of cerebrospinal fluid to blood clearance has previously not been established for neurological diseases. Possibly, variability in cerebrospinal fluid clearance may affect the underlying ...
  • Springtime nitrogen oxides and tropospheric ozone in Svalbard: results from the measurement station network 

    Dekhtyareva, Alena; Hermanson, Mark H.; NIkulina, Anna; Hermansen, Ove; Svendby, Tove Marit; Holmén, Kim; Graversen, Rune Grand (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    Svalbard is a remote and scarcely populated Arctic archipelago and is considered to be mostly influenced by long-range-transported air pollution. However, there are also local emission sources such as coal and diesel power ...
  • Population pharmacokinetic modeling of CSF to blood clearance: prospective tracer study of 161 patients under work-up for CSF disorders 

    Hovd, Markus Herberg; Mariussen, Espen; Uggerud, Hilde Thelle; Lashkarivand, Aslan; Christensen, Hege; Ringstad, Geir; Eide, Per Kristian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    Background Quantitative measurements of cerebrospinal fluid to blood clearance has previously not been established for neurological diseases. Possibly, variability in cerebrospinal fluid clearance may affect the underlying ...
  • Advanced Respiratory Models for Hazard Assessment of Nanomaterials. Performance of Mono-, Co- and Tricultures 

    Camassa, Laura Maria Azzurra; Elje, Elisabeth; Mariussen, Espen; Longhin, Eleonora Marta; Dusinska, Maria; Zienolddiny-Narui, Shanbeh; Rundén-Pran, Elise (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    Advanced in vitro models are needed to support next-generation risk assessment (NGRA), moving from hazard assessment based mainly on animal studies to the application of new alternative methods (NAMs). Advanced models must ...
  • Evaluation and Global-Scale Observation of Nitrous Oxide from IASI on Metop-A 

    Chalinel, Rémi; Attié, Jean-Luc; Ricaud, Philippe; Vidot, Jérôme; Kangah, Yannick; Hauglustaine, Didier; Thompson, Rona Louise (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a greenhouse gas difficult to estimate by satellite because of its weak spectral signature in the infra-red band and its low variability in the troposphere. Nevertheless, this study presents the ...
  • Do cytotoxicity and cell death cause false positive results in the in vitro comet assay? 

    Azqueta, Amaya; Stopper, Helga; Zegura, Bojana; Dusinska, Maria; Møller, Peter (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    The comet assay is used to measure DNA damage induced by chemical and physical agents. High concentrations of test agents may cause cytotoxicity or cell death, which may give rise to false positive results in the comet ...
  • Decoupling Emission Reductions and Trade-Offs of Policies in Norway Based on a Bottom-Up Traffic Emission Model 

    Grythe, Henrik; Lopez-Aparicio, Susana; Høyem, Harald; Weydahl, Torleif (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    The way Norway is spearheading electrification in the transport sector is of global interest. In this study, we used the Norwegian Emissions from Road Vehicle Exhaust (NERVE) model, a bottom-up high-resolution traffic ...
  • One planet: one health. A call to support the initiative on a global science–policy body on chemicals and waste 

    Brack, Werner; Barcelo Culleres, Damia; Boxall, Alistair B. A.; Budzinski, Hélène; Castiglioni, Sara; Covaci, Adrian; Dulio, Valeria; Escher, Beate I.; Fantke, Peter; Kandie, Faith; Fatta-Kassinos, Despo; Hernández, Félix J.; Hilscherová, Klara; Hollender, Juliane; Hollert, Henner; Jahnke, Annika; Kasprzyk-Hordern, Barbara; Khan, Stuart J.; Kortenkamp, Andreas; Kümmerer, Klaus; Lalonde, Brice; Lamoree, Marja H.; Levi, Yves; Lara Martín, Pablo Antonio; Montagner, Cassiana C.; Mougin, Christian; Msagati, Titus; Oehlmann, Jörg; Posthuma, Leo; Reid, Malcolm James; Reinhard, Martin; Richardson, Susan D.; Rostkowski, Pawel; Schymanski, Emma; Schneider, Flurina; Slobodnik, Jaroslav; Shibata, Yasuyuki; Snyder, Shane Allen; Fabriz Sodré, Fernando; Teodorovic, Ivana; Thomas, Kevin V; Umbuzeiro, Gisela A.; Viet, Pham Hung; Yew-Hoong, Karina Gin; Zhang, Xiaowei; Zuccato, Ettore (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    The chemical pollution crisis severely threatens human and environmental health globally. To tackle this challenge the establishment of an overarching international science–policy body has recently been suggested. We ...
  • Is Glacial Meltwater a Secondary Source of Legacy Contaminants to Arctic Coastal Food Webs? 

    Mcgovern, Maeve; Warner, Nicholas Alexander; Borgå, Katrine; Evenset, Anita; Carlsson, Pernilla Marianne; Skogsberg, Stina Linnea Emelie; Søreide, Janne; Ruus, Anders; Christensen, Guttorm; Poste, Amanda (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    Climate change-driven increases in air and sea temperatures are rapidly thawing the Arctic cryosphere with potential for remobilization and accumulation of legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in adjacent coastal ...
  • Health impacts of PM2.5 originating from residential wood combustion in four nordic cities 

    Orru, Hans; Olstrup, Henrik; Kukkonen, Jaakko; Lopez-Aparicio, Susana; Segersson, David; Geels, Camilla; Tamm, Tanel; Riikonen, Kari; Maragkidou, Androniki; Sigsgaard, Torben; Brandt, Jørgen; Grythe, Henrik; Forsberg, Bertil (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    Residential wood combustion (RWC) is one of the largest sources of fine particles (PM2.5) in the Nordic cities. The current study aims to calculate the related health effects in four studied city areas in Sweden, Finland, ...
  • Potential environmental impact of bromoform from Asparagopsis farming in Australia 

    Jia, Yue; Quack, Birgit; Kinley, Robert D.; Pisso, Ignacio; Tegtmeier, Susann (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    To mitigate the rumen enteric methane (CH4) produced by ruminant livestock, Asparagopsis taxiformis is proposed as an additive to ruminant feed. During the cultivation of Asparagopsis taxiformis in the sea or in terrestrially ...
  • Eurodelta multi-model simulated and observed particulate matter trends in Europe in the period of 1990–2010 

    Tsyro, Svetlana; Aas, Wenche; Colette, Augustin; Andersson, Camilla; Bessagnet, Bertrand; Ciarelli, Giancarlo; Couvidat, Florian; Cuvelier, Kees; Manders, Astrid; Mar, Kathleen; Mircea, Mihaela; Otero, Noelia; Pay, Maria-Teresa; Raffort, Valentin; Roustan, Yelva; Theobald, Mark, R.; Vivanco, Marta García; Fagerli, Hilde; Wind, Peter; Briganti, Gino; Cappelletti, Andrea; D'Isidoro, Massimo; Adani, Mario (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    The Eurodelta-Trends (EDT) multi-model experiment, aimed at assessing the efficiency of emission mitigation measures in improving air quality in Europe during 1990–2010, was designed to answer a series of questions regarding ...
  • Electrocatalytic performance of oxygen-activated carbon fibre felt anodes mediating degradation mechanism of acetaminophen in aqueous environments 

    Jakobczyk, Pawel; Skowierzak, Grzegorz; Kaczmarzyk, Iwona; Nadolska, Malgorzata; Rostkowski, Pawel Marian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    Carbon felts are flexible and scalable, have high specific areas, and are highly conductive materials that fit the requirements for both anodes and cathodes in advanced electrocatalytic processes. Advanced oxidative ...
  • Is Glacial Meltwater a Secondary Source of Legacy Contaminants to Arctic Coastal Food Webs? 

    Mcgovern, Maeve; Warner, Nicholas Alexander; Borgå, Katrine; Evenset, Anita; Carlsson, Pernilla Marianne; Skogsberg, Stina Linnea Emelie; Søreide, Janne; Ruus, Anders; Christensen, Guttorm; Poste, Amanda (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    Climate change-driven increases in air and sea temperatures are rapidly thawing the Arctic cryosphere with potential for remobilization and accumulation of legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in adjacent coastal ...
  • Risk assessment of consumer spray products using in vitro lung surfactant function inhibition, exposure modelling and chemical analysis 

    Sørli, J.B.; Sengupta, S.; Jensen, A.C.O.; Nikiforov, Vladimir; Clausen, P.A.; Hougaard, K.S.; Højriis, Sara; Frederiksen, M.; Hadrup, N. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    Consumer spray products release aerosols that can potentially be inhaled and reach the deep parts of the lungs. A thin layer of liquid, containing a mixture of proteins and lipids known as lung surfactant, coats the alveoli. ...
  • Mercury in air and soil on an urban-rural transect in East Africa 

    Nipen, Maja; Jørgensen, Susanne Jøntvedt; Bohlin-Nizzetto, Pernilla; Borgå, Katrine; Breivik, Knut; Mmochi, Aviti J; Mwakalapa, Eliezer; Quant, M. Isabel; Schlabach, Martin; Vogt, Rolf David; Wania, Frank (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    There are large knowledge gaps concerning concentrations, sources, emissions, and spatial trends of mercury (Hg) in the atmosphere in developing regions of the Southern Hemisphere, particularly in urban areas. Filling these ...
  • Temporal Trends of Organochlorine and Perfluorinated Contaminants in a Terrestrial Raptor in Northern Europe Over 34 years (1986–2019) 

    Bustnes, Jan Ove; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Herzke, Dorte; Bangjord, Georg; Bourgeon, Sophie; Fritsch, Clémentine; Eulaers, Igor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    Fourteen legacy organochlorine (OC) contaminants and 12 perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were measured in eggs of tawny owls (Strix alueco) in central Norway (1986–2019). We expected OCs to have reached stable equilibrium ...
  • Common Considerations for Genotoxicity Assessment of Nanomaterials 

    Elespuru, Rosalie K.; Doak, Shareen H.; Collins, Andrew Richard; Dusinska, Maria; Pfuhler, Stefan; Manjanatha, Mugamane; Cardoso, Renato M.S.; Chen, Connie L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
    Genotoxicity testing is performed to determine potential hazard of a chemical or agent for direct or indirect DNA interaction. Testing may be a surrogate for assessment of heritable genetic risk or carcinogenic risk. Testing ...

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