Vitenskapelige artikler, kapitler og monografier

Recent Submissions

  • Multidecadal trend analysis of in situ aerosol radiative properties around the world 

    Coen, Martine Collaud; Andrews, Elisabeth; Alastuey, Andrés; Arsov, Todor Petkov; Backman, John; Brem, Benjamin T.; Bukowiecki, Nicolas; Couret, Cedric; Eleftheriadis, Konstantinos; Flentje, Harald; Fiebig, Markus; Gysel-Beer, Martin; Hand, Jenny; Hoffer, András; Hooda, Rakesh; Hueglin, Christoph; Joubert, Warren; Keywood, Melita; Kim, Jeong Eun; Kim, Sang-Woo; Labuschagne, Casper; Lin, Neng-Huei; Lin, Yong; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Luoma, Krista; Lyamani, Hassan; Marinoni, Angela; Mayol-Bracero, Olga L.; Mihalopoulos, Nikos; Pandolfi, Marco; Prats, Natalia; Prenni, Anthony J.; Putaud, Jean-Philippe; Ries, Ludwig; Reisen, Fabienne; Sellegri, Karine; Sharma, Sangeeta; Sheridan, Patrick; Sherman, James Patrick; Sun, Junying; Titos, Gloria; Torres, Elvis; Tuch, Thomas; Weller, Rolf; Wiedensohler, Alfred; Zieger, Paul; Laj, Paolo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    In order to assess the evolution of aerosol parameters affecting climate change, a long-term trend analysis of aerosol optical properties was performed on time series from 52 stations situated across five continents. The ...
  • Physical controls of dynamics of methane venting from a shallow seep area west of Svalbard 

    Silyakova, Anna; Jansson, Pär; Serov, Pavel; Ferré, Benedicte; Pavlov, A.K; Hattermann, T.; Graves, C.A; Platt, S.M; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Gründger, Friederike; Niemann, Helge (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
    We investigate methane seepage on the shallow shelf west of Svalbard during three consecutive years, using discrete sampling of the water column, echosounder-based gas flux estimates, water mass properties, and numerical ...
  • Potential Effect of Migration Strategy on Pollutant Occurrence in Eggs of Arctic Breeding Barnacle Geese (Branta leucopsis) 

    Hitchcock, Daniel James; Andersen, Tom; Varpe, Øystein; Loonen, Maarten; Warner, Nicholas Alexander; Herzke, Dorte; Tombre, Ingunn; Griffin, Larry R.; Shimmings, Paul; Borgå, Katrine (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
    Arctic-breeding geese acquire resources for egg production from overwintering and breeding grounds, where pollutant exposure may differ. We investigated the effect of migration strategy on pollutant occurrence of lipophilic ...
  • Treatment with silver nanoparticles delays repair of X-ray induced DNA damage in HepG2 cells 

    Wojewódzka, Maria; Lankoff, Anna; Dusinska, Maria; Brunborg, Gunnar; Czerwinska, Jolanta; Iwanenko, Teresa; Stepkowski, Tomasz; Szumiel, Irena; Kruszewski, Marcin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011)
  • Non-target and suspect characterisation of organic contaminants in Arctic air – Part 2: Application of a new tool for identification and prioritisation of chemicals of emerging Arctic concern in air 

    Röhler, Laura; Schlabach, Martin; Haglund, Peter; Breivik, Knut; Kallenborn, Roland; Bohlin-Nizzetto, Pernilla (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    The Norwegian Arctic possesses a unique environment for the detection of new potential chemicals of emerging Arctic concern (CEACs) due to remoteness, sparse population and the low number of local contamination sources. ...
  • On the Convergence and Capability of the Large-Eddy Simulation of Concentration Fluctuations in Passive Plumes for a Neutral Boundary Layer at Infinite Reynolds Number 

    Ardeshiri, Hamidreza; Cassiani, Massimo; Park, Soon-Young; Stohl, Andreas; Pisso, Ignacio; Dinger, Anna Solvejg (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Large-eddy simulation (LES) experiments have been performed using the Parallelized LES Model (PALM). A methodology for validating and understanding LES results for plume dispersion and concentration fluctuations in an ...
  • Consumption of CH3Cl, CH3Br, and CH3I and emission of CHCl3, CHBr3, and CH2Br2 from the forefield of a retreating Arctic glacier 

    Macdonald, Moya L.; Wadham, Jemma L.; Young, Dickon; Lunder, Chris Rene; Hermansen, Ove; Lamarche-Gagnon, Guillaume; O'Doherty, Simon (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    The Arctic is one of the most rapidly warming regions of the Earth, with predicted temperature increases of 5–7 ∘C and the accompanying extensive retreat of Arctic glacial systems by 2100. Retreating glaciers will reveal ...
  • Atmospheric transport is a major pathway of microplastics to remote regions 

    Evangeliou, Nikolaos; Grythe, Henrik; Klimont, Zbigniew; Heyes, Chris; Eckhardt, Sabine; Lopez-Aparicio, Susana; Stohl, Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    In recent years, marine, freshwater and terrestrial pollution with microplastics has been discussed extensively, whereas atmospheric microplastic transport has been largely overlooked. Here, we present global simulations ...
  • Uncovering transport, deposition and impact of radionuclides released after the early spring 2020 wildfires in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone 

    Evangeliou, Nikolaos; Eckhardt, Sabine (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    In the beginning of April 2020, large fires that started in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (CEZ) established after the Chernobyl accident in 1986 caused media and public concerns about the health impact from the resuspended ...
  • Black carbon and ionic species in the Arctic aerosol 

    Eleftheriadis, Kostas; Nyeki, Stephan; Tørseth, Kjetil; Colbeck, Ian (Journal article, 2001)
    Previous studies on Arctic aerosol characteristics have shown a pronounced winter-spring maximum and summer-autumn minimum in aerosol concentration. Measurements of black carbon concentration in the atmospheric aerosol ...
  • Air quality mitigation in European cities: Status and challenges ahead 

    Viana, Mar; de Leeuw, Frank; Bartonova, Alena; Castell, Nuria; Öztürk, Evrim Dogan; Ortiz, Alberto González (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Cities are currently at the core of air quality (AQ) improvement. The present work provides an overview of AQ management strategies and outcomes in 10 European cities (Antwerp, Berlin, Dublin, Madrid, Malmö, Milan, Paris, ...
  • Estimation of Damage Cost to Building Façades per kilo Emission of Air Pollution in Norway 

    Grøntoft, Terje (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    This work reports marginal damage costs to façades due to air pollution exposure estimated “bottom up,” for Norway and Oslo (Norway) by the use of exposure response functions (ERFs) and impact pathway analysis from the ...
  • A novel use of the leukocyte coping capacity assay to assess the immunomodulatory effects of organohalogenated contaminants in avian wildlife 

    Hansen, Elisabeth; Huber, Nikolaus; Bustnes, Jan O.; Herzke, Dorte; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Eulaers, Igor; Johnsen, Trond V.; Bourgeon, Sophie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Apex predators are characterized by high levels of biomagnifying organohalogenated contaminants (OHCs) which have been found to induce detrimental health effects in wildlife, such as immune system impairment. The leukocyte ...
  • Can statistics of turbulent tracer dispersion be inferred from camera observations of SO2 in the ultraviolet? A modelling study. 

    Kylling, Arve; Ardeshiri, Hamidreza; Cassiani, Massimo; Dinger, Anna Solvejg; Park, Soon-Young; Pisso, Ignacio; Schmidbauer, Josef Norbert; Stebel, Kerstin; Stohl, Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Atmospheric turbulence and in particular its effect on tracer dispersion may be measured by cameras sensitive to the absorption of ultraviolet (UV) sunlight by sulfur dioxide (SO2), a gas that can be considered a passive ...
  • Past and Future Grand Challenges in Marine Ecosystem Ecology 

    Borja, Angel; Andersen, Jesper Harbo; Arvanitidis, Christos D.; Basset, Alberto; Buhl-Mortensen, Lene; Carvalho, Susana; Dafforn, Katherine A.; Devlin, Michelle J.; Escobar-Briones, Elva G.; Grenz, Christian; Harder, Tilmann; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Liu, Dongyan; Metaxas, Anna; Moran, Xose Anxelu G; Newton, Alice (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
  • Strategies for grouping per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) to protect human and environmental health 

    Cousins, Ian T.; DeWitt, Jamie C.; Glüge, Juliane; Goldenman, Gretta; Herzke, Dorte; Lohmann, Rainer; Miller, Mark; Ng, Carla A.; Scheringer, Martin; Vierke, Lena; Wang, Zhanyun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Grouping strategies are needed for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), in part, because it would be time and resource intensive to test and evaluate the more than 4700 PFAS on the global market on a chemical-by-chemical ...
  • Cadmium pollution from zinc‐smelters up to four‐fold higher than expected in western Europe in the 1980s as revealed by alpine ice 

    Legrand, Michel; McConnell, Joseph; Lestel, L.; Preunkert, Susanne; Arienzo, Monica M; Chellman, Nathan J; Stohl, Andreas; Eckhardt, Sabine (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Estimates of past emission inventories suggest that toxic heavy metal pollution in Europe was highest in the mid‐1970s for lead and in the mid‐1960s for cadmium, but these previous estimates have not been compared to ...
  • Patterns in the spectral composition of sunlight and biologically meaningful spectral photon ratios as affected by atmospheric factors 

    Kotilainen, Titta; Aphalo, Pedro J.; Brelsford, Craig C.; Böok, H.; Devraj, S.; Heikkilä, A.; Hernández, R.; Kylling, Arve; Lindfors, AV; Robson, T. Matthew (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Plants rely on spectral cues present in their surroundings, generated by the constantly changing light environment, to guide their growth and reproduction. Photoreceptors mediate the capture of information by plants from ...
  • Multi-decadal surface ozone trends at globally distributed remote locations 

    Cooper, Owen R.; Schultz, Martin G.; Schroeder, Sabine; Chang, Kai-Lan; Gaudel, Audrey; Benitez, Gerardo Carbajal; Cuevas, Emilio; Frölich, Marina; Galbally, Ian E.; Molloy, Suzie; Kubistin, Dagmar; Lu, Xiao; McClure-Begley, Audra; Nédélec, Philippe; O'Brien, Jason; Oltmans, Samuel J.; Petropavlovskikh, Irina; Ries, Ludwig; Senik, Irina; Sjöberg, Karin; Solberg, Sverre; Spain, Gerard T.; Spangl, Wolfgang; Steinbacher, Martin; Tarasick, David; Thouret, Valérie; Xu, Xiaobin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Extracting globally representative trend information from lower tropospheric ozone observations is extremely difficult due to the highly variable distribution and interannual variability of ozone, and the ongoing shift of ...
  • Validation practices for satellite soil moisture retrievals: What are (the) errors? 

    Gruber, Alexander; de Lannoy, Gabriëlle J.M; Albergel, Clément; Al-Yaari, Amen; Brocca, Luca; Calvet, Jean-Christophe; Colliander, Andreas; Cosh, Michael H.; Crow, Wade T.; Dorigo, Wouter Arnaud; Draper, Clara Sophie; Hirschi, Martin; Kerr, Yann H.; Konings, Alexandra G.; Lahoz, William A.; McColl, Kaighin Alexander; Montzka, Carsten; Muñoz-Sabater, Joaquín; Peng, Jian; Reichle, Rolf H.; Richaume, Philippe; Rüdiger, Christoph; Scanlon, Tracy; van der Schalie, Robin; Wigneron, Jean Pierre; Wagner, Wolfgang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    This paper presents a community effort to develop good practice guidelines for the validation of global coarse-scale satellite soil moisture products. We provide theoretical background, a review of state-of-the-art ...

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