Now showing items 1-20 of 3437

    • Aircraft-based mass balance estimate of methane emissions from offshore gas facilities in the southern North Sea 

      Pühl, Magdalena; Roiger, Anke; Fiehn, Alina; Gorchov Negron, Alan M.; Kort, Eric A.; Schwietzke, Stefan; Pisso, Ignacio; Foulds, Amy; Lee, James; France, James L.; Jones, Anna E.; Lowry, Dave; Fisher, Rebecca E.; Huang, Langwen; Shaw, Jacob; Bateson, Prudence; Andrews, Stephen; Young, Stuart; Dominutti, Pamela; Lachlan-Cope, Tom; Weiss, Alexandra; Allen, Grant (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Atmospheric methane (CH4) concentrations have more than doubled since the beginning of the industrial age, making CH4 the second most important anthropogenic greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide (CO2). The oil and gas sector ...
    • Recent advances and current challenges of new approach methodologies in developmental and adult neurotoxicity testing 

      Serafini, Melania Maria; Sepheri, Sara; Midali, Miriam; Stinckens, Marth; Biesiekierska, Marta; Wolniakowska, Anna; Gatzios, Alexandra; Rundén-Pran, Elise; Reszka, Edyta; Marinovich, Marina; Vanhaecke, Tamara; Roszak, Joanna; Viviani, Barbara; Tanima, SenGupta (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Adult neurotoxicity (ANT) and developmental neurotoxicity (DNT) assessments aim to understand the adverse effects and underlying mechanisms of toxicants on the human nervous system. In recent years, there has been an ...
    • Can plastic related chemicals be indicators of plastic ingestion in an Arctic seabird? 

      Collard, France; Tulatz, Felix; Harju, Mikael; Herzke, Dorte; Bourgeon, Sophie; Gabrielsen, Geir Wing (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      For decades, the northern fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis) has been found to ingest and accumulate high loads of plastic due to its feeding ecology and digestive tract morphology. Plastic ingestion can lead to both physical and ...
    • Hazard assessment of nanomaterials using in vitro toxicity assays: Guidance on potential assay interferences and mitigating actions to avoid biased results 

      El Yamani, Naouale; Rundén-Pran, Elise; Varet, Julia; Beus, Maja; Dusinska, Maria; Fessard, Valerie; Moschini, Elisa; Serchi, Tommaso; Cimpan, Mihaela-Roxana; Lynch, Iseult; Vinković Vrček, ivana (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      The movement towards an animal-free testing approach for risk assessment represents a key paradigm shift in toxicology. Risk assessment of engineered and anthropogenic nanoscale materials (NM) is dependent on reliable ...
    • Modelled sources of airborne microplastics collected at a remote Southern Hemisphere site 

      Aves, Alex; Ruffell, Helena; Evangeliou, Nikolaos; Gaw, Sally; Revell, Laura E. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Airborne microplastics have emerged in recent years as ubiquitous atmospheric pollutants. However, data from the Southern Hemisphere, and remote regions in particular, are sparse. Here, we report airborne microplastic ...
    • Nasjonalt samfunnsoppdrag om sirkulær økonomi. Forslag til organisering. 

      Möller, Charlotta; Tarrsón, Leonor; Guerreiro, Cristina (NILU rapport;2/2024, Research report, 2024)
      Denne rapporten inneholder forslag til organisering av et mulig nasjonalt samfunnsoppdrag om sirkulærøkonomien. Vårt forslag til organisering av et nasjonalt samfunnsoppdrag om sirkulær økonomi skiller seg noe fra eksisterende ...
    • Air pollution emission inventory using national high-resolution spatial parameters for the Nordic countries and analysis of PM2.5 spatial distribution for road transport and machinery and off-road sectors 

      Paunu, Ville-Veikko; Karvosenoja, Niko; Segersson, David; Lopez-Aparicio, Susana; Nielsen, Ole-Kenneth; Plejdrup, Marlene S.; Thorsteinsson, Throstur; Vo, Dam Thanh; Kuenen, Jeroen; van der Gon, Hugo Denier; Jalkanen, Jukka-Pekka; Brandt, Jørgen; Geels, Camilla (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Air pollution is an important cause of adverse health effects, even in the Nordic countries, which have relatively good air quality. Modelling-based air quality assessment of the health impacts relies on reliable model ...
    • New insights from an eight-year study on per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in an urban terrestrial ecosystem 

      Heimstad, Eldbjørg Sofie; Nygård, Torgeir; Moe, Børge; Herzke, Dorte (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) were analysed in a high number of terrestrial samples of soil, earthworm, bird eggs and liver from red fox and brown rat in an urban area in Norway from 2013 to 2020. PFOS and the ...
    • Air quality in Sandefjord, Norway. November 2021 – August 2023. 

      Salamalikis, Vasileios; Castell, Nuria (NILU report;1/2024, Research report, 2024)
      This report examines the air quality patterns in terms of particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) in Sandefjord, Norway. PM2.5 was monitored through five low-cost sensors in hourly resolution from ...
    • Homologue group profiles of ΣPCAs C14-17 in environmental samples from Norwegian monitoring programmes 

      Nipen, Maja; Borgen, Anders (NILU report;9/2024, Research report, 2024)
      Recently, chlorinated paraffins with carbon chain lengths in the range C14–17 and chlorination levels at or exceeding 45 per cent chlorine by weight have been proposed for listing under the Stockholm Convention. To aid the ...
    • Trends in Air Pollution in Europe, 2000–2019 

      Aas, Wenche; Fagerli, Hilde; Alastuey, Andres; Cavalli, Fabrizia; Degorska, Anna; Feigenspan, Stefan; Brenna, Hans; Gliss, Jonas; Heinesen, Daniel; Hueglin, Christoph; Holubová, Adela; Jaffrezo, Jean-Luc; Mortier, Augustin; Murovec, Marijana; Putaud, Jean-Philippe; Rüdige, Julian; Simpson, David; Solberg, Sverre; Tsyro, Svetlana; Tørseth, Kjetil; Yttri, Karl Espen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      This paper encompasses an assessment of air pollution trends in rural environments in Europe over the 2000–2019 period, benefiting from extensive long-term observational data from the EMEP monitoring network and EMEP MSC-W ...
    • Måling av gasser i Statsarkivets lokaler i Trondheim 

      Grøntoft, Terje; Håland, Alexander (NILU rapport;10/2024, Research report, 2024)
      Målinger av flyktige organiske forbindelser (VOC), maursyre (HCOOH), eddiksyre (CH3COOH) og ammoniakk (NH3) ble gjort i to innendørs lokaliteter ved Statsarkivet i Trondheim. De målte konsentrasjonene var lave og skulle ...
    • Widespread Pesticide Distribution in the European Atmosphere Questions their Degradability in Air 

      Mayer, Ludovic; Degrendele, Celine; Senk, Petr; Kohoutek, Jiří; Přibylovác, Petra; Kukučka, Petr; Melymuk, Lisa; Durand, Amandine; Ravier, Sylvain; Alastuey, Andres; Baker, Alex R.; Baltensperger, Urs; Baumann-Stanzer, Kathrin; Biermann, Tobias; Bohlin-Nizzetto, Pernilla; Ceburnis, Darius; Conil, Sébastien; Couret, Cedric; Degorska, Anna; Diapouli, Evangelia; Eckhardt, Sabine; Eleftheriadis, Konstantinos; Forster, Grant L.; Freier, Korbinian; Gheusi, Francois; Gini, Maria; Hellén, Heidi; Henne, Stephan; Hermann, Hartmut; Šmejkalová, Adéla Holubová; Horrak, Urmas; Hüglin, Christoph; Junninen, Heikki; Kristensson, Adam; Langrene, Laurent; Levula, Janne; Lothon, Marie; Ludewig, Elke; Makkonen, Ulla; Matejovičová, Jana; Mihalopoulos, Nikolaos; Mináriková, Veronika; Moche, Wolfgang; Noe, Steffen M.; Perez, Noemi; Petäjä, Tuukka; Pont, Veronique; Poulain, Laurent; Quivet, Etienne; Ratz, Gabriela; Rehm, Till; Reimann, Stefan; Simmons, Ivan; Sonke, Jeroen E.; Sorribas, Mar; Spoor, Ronald; Swart, Daan P.J.; Vasilatou, Vasiliki; Wortham, Henri; Yela, Margarita; Zarmpas, Pavlos; Zellweger-Fäsi, Claudia; Tørseth, Kjetil; Laj, Paolo G.; Klanova, Jana; Lammel, Gerhard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Risk assessment of pesticide impacts on remote ecosystems makes use of model-estimated degradation in air. Recent studies suggest these degradation rates to be overestimated, questioning current pesticide regulation. Here, ...
    • Composition and sources of carbonaceous aerosol in the European Arctic at Zeppelin Observatory, Svalbard (2017 to 2020) 

      Yttri, Karl Espen; Bäcklund, Are; Conen, Franz; Eckhardt, Sabine; Evangeliou, Nikolaos; Fiebig, Markus; Kasper-Giebl, Anne; Gold, Avram; Gundersen, Hans; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Platt, Stephen Matthew; Simpson, David; Surratt, Jason D.; Szidat, Sönke; Rauber, Martin; Tørseth, Kjetil; Ytre-Eide, Martin Album; Zhang, Zhenfa; Aas, Wenche (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      We analyzed long-term measurements of organic carbon, elemental carbon, and source-specific organic tracers from 2017 to 2020 to constrain carbonaceous aerosol sources in the rapidly changing Arctic. Additionally, we used ...
    • Recommendations for reporting equivalent black carbon (eBC) mass concentrations based on long-term pan-European in-situ observations 

      Savadkoohi, Marjan; Pandolfi, Marco; Favez, Olivier; Putaud, Jean-Philippe; Eleftheriadis, Konstantinos; Fiebig, Markus; Hopke, Philip K.; Laj, Paolo G.; Wiedensohler, Alfred; Alados-Arboledas, Lucas; Bastian, Susanne; Chazeau, Benjamin; Maria, Alvaro Clemente; Colombi, Cristina; Costabile, Francesca; Green, David C.; Hueglin, Christoph; Liakakou, Eleni; Luoma, Krista; Listrani, Stefano; Mihalopoulos, Nikos; Marchand, Nicolas; Močnik, Griša; Niemi, Jarkko V; Ondráček, Jakub; Petit, Jean Eudes; Rattigan, Oliver V.; Reche, Cristina; Timonen, Hilkka; Titos, Gloria; Tremper, Anja H.; Vratolis, Stergios; Vodicka, Petr; Funes, Eduardo Yubero; Zíková, Naděžda; Harrison, Roy M.; Petäjä, Tuukka; Alastuey, Andrés; Querol, Xavier (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      A reliable determination of equivalent black carbon (eBC) mass concentrations derived from filter absorption photometers (FAPs) measurements depends on the appropriate quantification of the mass absorption cross-section ...
    • Safety-by-design and engineered nanomaterials: the need to move from theory to practice 

      Trump, Benjamin D.; Antunes, Dalila; Palma-Oliveira, José; Nelson, Andrew; Hudecova, Alexandra Misci; Rundén-Pran, Elise; Dusinska, Maria; Gispert, Ignasi; Resch, Susanne; Alfaro-Serrano, Beatriz; Afantitis, Antreas; Melagraki, Georgia; Tse, Edmund C. M.; Trump, Josh; Kohl, Yvonne; Linkov, Igor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      As the governance of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) evolves, innovations in the prevention, mitigation, management, and transfer of risk shape discussion of how nanotechnology may mature and reach various marketplaces. ...
    • Optical and Microphysical Properties of the Aerosols during a Rare Event of Biomass-Burning Mixed with Polluted Dust 

      Gidarakou, Marilena; Papayannis, Alexandros; Kokkalis, Panagiotis; Evangeliou, Nikolaos; Vratolis, Stergios; Remoundaki, Emmanouella; Zwaaftink, Christine Groot; Eckhardt, Sabine; Veselovskii, Igor; Mylonaki, Maria; Argyrouli, Athina; Eleftheriadis, Konstantinos; Solomos, Stavros; Gini, Maria (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      A rare event of mixed biomass-burning and polluted dust aerosols was observed over Athens, Greece (37.9° N, 23.6° E), during 21–26 May 2014. This event was studied using a synergy of a 6-wavelength elastic-Raman-depolarization ...
    • Holocene black carbon in New Zealand lake sediment records 

      Brugger, Sandra O.; McWethy, David B.; Chellman, Nathan J.; Prebble, Matiu; Courtney Mustaphi, Colin J.; Eckhardt, Sabine; Plach, Andreas; Stohl, Andreas; Wilmshurst, Janet M.; McConnell, Joseph R.; Whitlock, Cathy (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Black carbon emitted from incomplete combustion of biomass and fossil fuel burning is an important aerosol; however, available long-term black carbon data are limited to remote polar and high-alpine ice cores from few ...
    • Phthalate contamination in marine mammals off the Norwegian coast 

      Andvik, Clare Margaret; Bories, Pierre; Harju, Mikael; Borgå, Katrine; Jourdain, Eve Marie; Karoliussen, Richard; Rikardsen, Audun Håvard; Routti, Heli Anna Irmeli; Blévin, Pierre (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Phthalates are used in plastics, found throughout the marine environment and have the potential to cause adverse health effects. In the present study, we quantified blubber concentrations of 11 phthalates in 16 samples ...
    • Equilibrium Climate after Spectral and Bolometric Irradiance Reduction in Grand Solar Minimum Simulations 

      Tartaglione, Nazario; Toniazzo, Thomas; Otterå, Odd Helge; Orsolini, Yvan Joseph Georges Emile G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      In this study, we use the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, forced by present-day atmospheric composition and coupled to a Slab Ocean Model, to simulate the state of the climate under grand solar minimum forcing ...