Now showing items 21-40 of 3421

    • The consolidated European synthesis of CO2 emissions and removals for the European Union and United Kingdom: 1990–2020 

      McGrath, Matthew J; Petrescu, Ana Maria Roxana; Peylin, Philippe; Andrew, Robbie M.; Matthews, Bradley; Dentener, Frank; Balkovič, Juraj; Bastrikov, Vladislav; Becker, Meike; Broquet, Gregoire; Ciais, Philippe; Fortems-Cheiney, Audrey; Ganzenmüller, Raphael; Grassi, Giacomo; Harrison, Ian; Jones, Carl Matthew; Knauer, Jürgen; Kuhnert, Matthias; Monteil, Guillaume; Munassar, Saqr; Palmer, Paul I.; Peters, Glen Philip; Qiu, Chunjing; Schelhaas, Mart-Jan; Tarasova, Oksana; Vizzarri, Matteo; Winkler, Karina; Balsamo, Gianpaolo; Berchet, Antoine; Briggs, Peter R; Brockmann, Patrick; Chevallier, Frédéric; Conchedda, Giulia; Monica, Crippa; Dellaert, Stijn N. C.; van der Gon, Hugo A.C. Denier; Filipek, Sara; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Fuchs, Richard; Gauss, Michael; Gerbig, Christoph; Guizzardi, Diego; Günther, Dirk; Houghton, Richard A; Janssens-Maenhout, Greet; Lauerwald, Ronny; Lerink, Bas; Luijkx, Ingrid T.; Moulas, Géraud; Muntean, Marilena; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; Paquirissamy, Aurélie; Perugini, Lucia; Peters, Wouter; Pilli, Roberto; Pongratz, Julia; Regnier, Pierre; Scholze, Marko; Serengil, Yusuf; Smith, Peter; Solazzo, Efisio; Thompson, Rona Louise; Tubiello, Francesco N.; Vesala, Timo; Walther, Sophia (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Knowledge of the spatial distribution of the fluxes of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and their temporal variability as well as flux attribution to natural and anthropogenic processes is essential to monitoring the progress in ...
    • Aerosol and dynamical contributions to cloud droplet formation in Arctic low-level clouds 

      Motos, Ghislain; Freitas, Gabriel; Georgakaki, Paraskevi; Wieder, Jörg; Li, Guangyu; Aas, Wenche; Lunder, Chris Rene; Krejci, Radovan; Pasquier, Julie Thérèse; Henneberger, Jan; David, Robert Oscar; Ritter, Christoph; Mohr, Claudia; Zieger, Paul; Nenes, Athanasios (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The Arctic is one of the most rapidly warming regions of the globe. Low-level clouds and fog modify the energy transfer from and to space and play a key role in the observed strong Arctic surface warming, a phenomenon ...
    • Enhanced electrochemical activity of boron-doped nanocarbon functionalized reticulated vitreous carbon structures for water treatment applications 

      Kaczmarzyk, Iwona; Banasiak, Mariusz; Jakobczyk, Pawel; Sobaszek, Michał Sobaszek; Strugala, Gabriel; Seramak, Tomasz; Rostkowski, Pawel; Karczewski, Jakub; Sawczak, Mirosław; Ryl, Jacek; Bogdanowicz, Robert (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      An extraordinary charge transfer kinetics and chemical stability make a boron-doped diamond (BDD) a promising material for electrochemical applications including wastewater treatment. Yet, with flat geometrical surfaces ...
    • The role of SVOCs in the initial film formation and soiling of unvarnished paintings 

      Grøntoft, Terje; Cutajar, Jan Dariusz (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      In recent years increased research efforts and environmental improvements have been directed towards the preventive conservation of the monumental, unvarnished oil paintings on canvas (1909–1916) by Edvard Munch (1863–1944) ...
    • A top-down estimation of subnational CO2 budget using a global high-resolution inverse model with data from regional surface networks 

      Nayagam, Lorna Raja; Maksyutov, Shamil; Oda, Tomohiro; Janardanan, Rajesh; Trisolino, Pamela; Zeng, Jiye; Kaiser, Johannes; Matsunaga, Tsuneo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Top-down approaches, such as atmospheric inversions, are a promising tool for evaluating emission estimates based on activity-data. In particular, there is a need to examine carbon budgets at subnational scales (e.g. ...
    • Monitoring of greenhouse gases and aerosols at Svalbard and Birkenes in 2022. Annual report. 

      Platt, Stephen Matthew; Svendby, Tove Marit; Hermansen, Ove; Lunder, Chris Rene; Fiebig, Markus; Fjæraa, Ann Mari; Hansen, Georg H.; Schmidbauer, Norbert; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Stebel, Kerstin (NILU report;24/2023, Research report, 2023)
      This annual report for 2022 summarizes the activities and results of the greenhouse gas monitoring at the Zeppelin Observatory, situated on Svalbard, during the period 2001-2022, and the greenhouse gas monitoring and aerosol ...
    • Hierarchical Clustering and Dissimilarity Polygon Analyses. Optimizing the Polish Deposition Network. 

      Soares, Joana; Aas, Wenche; Eckhardt, Sabine; Guerreiro, Cristina (NILU report;27/2023, Research report, 2023)
      The potential re-design of the current deposition monitoring network in Poland was assessed by hierarchical clustering analysis. This statistical method determines the inherent or natural groupings of datasets, and/or to ...
    • Method for retrieval of aerosol optical depth from multichannel irradiance measurements 

      Sztipanov, Milos; Dahlback, Arne; Stamnes, Jakob J.; Svendby, Tove Marit; Stamnes, Knut (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      We present, to the best of our knowledge, a new method for retrieval of aerosol optical depth from multichannel irradiance measurements. A radiative transfer model is used to simulate measurements to create the new aerosol ...
    • Identification of POP candidates among chemicals in plastic. Screening for LRTP using the Emissions Fractions Approach. 

      Breivik, Knut; Nikiforov, Vladimir; Davie-Martin, Cleo Lisa (NILU report;28/2023, Research report, 2023)
      There is considerable interest in identifying chemicals which have the potential to undergo long-range environmental transport (LRTP), accumulate in remote regions, and represent a possible risk to environmental and human ...
    • Air pollution situation in small towns, including winter resorts: a comparative study of three cases in Northern Europe 

      Tammekivi, Terje; Kaasik, Marko; Hamer, Paul David; Sousa Santos, Gabriela; Šteinberga, Iveta (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      In Europe, emissions of many air pollutants have decreased in recent decades, but there exist sites where concentrations of pollutants are still high and have become a public health problem. The air quality monitoring ...
    • Måling av maursyre og eddiksyre i to oppbevaringsbokser ved Munchmuseet i Oslo 

      Grøntoft, Terje (NILU rapport;25/2023, Research report, 2023)
      Målinger av maursyre (HCOOH), eddiksyre (CH3COOH) og flyktige organiske forbindelser (VOC) ble gjort i to oppbevaringsbokser ved Munchmuseet i Oslo. Noe forhøyede konsentrasjoner av maursyre, eddiksyre og totale flyktige ...
    • Review of Interpreting Gaseous Pollution Data Regarding Heritage Objects 

      Thickett, David; Grøntoft, Terje (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Pollutant gases pose a significant risk to some cultural heritage objects, and surveys have shown that the professionals involved consider themselves to lack knowledge to fully assess risk. Three approaches towards risk ...
    • Impacts of a warming climate on concentrations of organochlorines in a fasting high arctic marine bird: Direct vs. indirect effects? 

      Bustnes, Jan Ove; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Moe, Børge; Herzke, Dorte; Ballesteros, Manuel; Fenstad, Anette; Borgå, Katrine; Krogseth, Ingjerd Sunde; Eulaers, Igor; Skogeng, Lovise Pedersen; Gabrielsen, Geir Wing; Hanssen, Sveinn Are (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The present study examined how climate changes may impact the concentrations of lipophilic organochlorines (OCs) in the blood of fasting High Arctic common eiders (Somateria mollissima) during incubation. Polychlorinated ...
    • Leveraging opportunity of low carbon transition by super-emitter cities in China 

      Zheng, Heran; Zhang, Zengkai; Dietzenbacher, Erik; Zhou, Ya; Többen, Johannes Reinhard; Feng, Kuishuang; Moran, Daniel; Jiang, Meng; Shan, Yuli; Wang, Daoping; Liu, Xiaoyu; Li, Li; Zhao, Dandan; Meng, Jing; Ou, Jiamin; Guan, Dabo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Chinese cities are core in the national carbon mitigation and largely affect global decarbonisation initiatives, yet disparities between cities challenge country-wide progress. Low-carbon transition should preferably lead ...
    • Low-Cost Particulate Matter Sensors for Monitoring Residential Wood Burning 

      Hassani, Amirhossein; Schneider, Philipp; Vogt, Matthias; Castell, Nuria (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Conventional monitoring systems for air quality, such as reference stations, provide reliable pollution data in urban settings but only at relatively low spatial density. This study explores the potential of low-cost sensor ...
    • A rise in HFC-23 emissions from eastern Asia since 2015 

      Park, Hyeri; Kim, Jooil; Choi, Haklim; Geum, Sohyeon; Kim, Yeaseul; Thompson, Rona Louise; Mühle, Jens; Salameh, Peter K.; Harth, Christina M.; Stanley, Kieran M.; O'Doherty, Simon; Fraser, Paul J.; Simmonds, Peter G.; Krummel, Paul B.; Weiss, Ray F.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Park, Sunyoung (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Trifluoromethane (CHF3, HFC-23), one of the most potent greenhouse gases among hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), is mainly emitted to the atmosphere as a by-product in the production of the ozone-depleting legacy refrigerant and ...
    • Arctic Tropospheric Ozone Trends 

      Law, Kathy S.; Hjorth, Jens Liengaard; Pernov, Jakob B.; Whaley, Cynthia; Skov, Henrik; Coen, Martine Collaud; Langner, Joakim; Arnold, Stephen R.; Tarasick, David; Christensen, Jesper; Deushi, Makoto; Effertz, Peter; Faluvegi, Greg; Gauss, Michael; Im, Ulas; Oshima, Naga; Petropavlovskikh, Irina; Plummer, David; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Tsyro, Svetlana; Solberg, Sverre (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Observed trends in tropospheric ozone, an important air pollutant and short-lived climate forcer (SLCF), are estimated using available surface and ozonesonde profile data for 1993–2019, using a coherent methodology, and ...
    • The atmospheric fate of 1,2-dibromo-4-(1,2-dibromoethyl)cyclohexane (TBECH): spatial patterns, seasonal variability, and deposition to Canadian coastal regions 

      Oh, Jenny; Shunthirasingham, Chubashini; Lei, Ying Duan; Zhan, Faqiang; Li, Yuening; Dalpé Castilloux, Abigaëlle; Ben Chaaben, Amina; Lu, Zhe; Lee, Kelsey; Gobas, Frank A. P. C.; Eckhardt, Sabine; Alexandrou, Nick; Hung, Hayley; Wania, Frank (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) that are gradually being phased out are being replaced by emerging BFRs. Here, we report the concentration of the α- and β-isomers of 1,2-dibromo-4-(1,2-dibromoethyl)cyclohexane (TBECH; ...
    • Linking Nanomaterial-Induced Mitochondrial Dysfunction to Existing Adverse Outcome Pathways for Chemicals 

      Murugadoss, Sivakumar; Vrček, Ivana Vinković; Schaffert, Alexandra; Paparella, Martin; Pem, Barbara; Sosnowska, Anita; Stępnik, Maciej; Martens, Marvin; Willighagen, Egon L.; Puzyn, Tomasz; Cimpan, Mihaela-Roxana; Lemaire, Frauke; Mertens, Birgit; Dusinska, Maria; Fessard, Valérie; Hoet, Peter H. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The Adverse Outcome Pathway (AOP) framework plays a crucial role in the paradigm shift of toxicity testing towards the development and use of new approach methodologies. AOPs developed for chemicals are in theory applicable ...