Now showing items 1-20 of 2630

    • Impact of the major SSWs of February 2018 and January 2019 on the middle atmospheric nitric oxide abundance 

      Pérot, Kristell; Orsolini, Yvan J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The Arctic middle atmosphere was affected by major sudden stratospheric warmings (SSW) in February 2018 and January 2019, respectively. In this article, we report for the first time the impact of these two events on the ...
    • Toxic effects of gunshot fumes from different ammunitions for small arms on lung cells exposed at the air liquid interface 

      Mariussen, Espen; Fjellbø, Lise Marie; Frømyr, Tomas Roll; Johnsen, Ida Vaa; Karsrud, Tove Engen; Voie, Øyvind Albert (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Concerns have been raised as to whether gunshot fumes induce prolonged reduced lung capacity or even cancer due to inhalation. Gunshot fumes from three different types of ammunition calibre 5.56 mm × 45 NATO were investigated. ...
    • Implementing Citizen Science in Primary Schools: Engaging Young Children in Monitoring Air Pollution 

      Castell, Nuria; Grossberndt, Sonja; Gray, Laura; Fredriksen, Mirjam; Skaar, Jøran Solnes; Høiskar, Britt Ann Kåstad (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Most European cities have air pollution levels that exceed the threshold for human health protection. Children are sensitive to air pollution and thus it is important to ensure they are not exposed to high concentrations ...
    • AeroCom phase III multi-model evaluation of the aerosol life cycle and optical properties using ground- and space-based remote sensing as well as surface in situ observations 

      Gliss, Jonas; Mortier, Augustin; Schulz, Michael; Andrews, Elisabeth; Balkanski, Yves; Bauer, Susanne E.; Benedictow, Anna Maria Katarina; Bian, Huisheng; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro; Chin, Mian; Ginoux, Paul; Griesfeller, Jan; Heckel, Andreas; Kipling, Zak; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kokkola, Harri; Laj, Paolo G.; Sager, Philippe Le; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Matsui, Hitoshi; Myhre, Gunnar; Neubauer, David; Noije, Twan van; North, Peter; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Remy, Samuel; Sogacheva, Larisa; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Tsyro, Svetlana (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Within the framework of the AeroCom (Aerosol Comparisons between Observations and Models) initiative, the state-of-the-art modelling of aerosol optical properties is assessed from 14 global models participating in the phase ...
    • Målinger av SO2 i omgivelsene til Elkem Carbon og REC Solar. Januar 2020 – desember 2020. 

      Hak, Claudia; Teigland, Even Kristian; Andresen, Erik (NILU rapport;10/2021, Research report, 2021)
      På oppdrag fra Elkem Carbon AS har NILU utført målinger av SO2 i omgivelsene til Elkem Carbon og REC Solar i Vågsbygd (Kristiansand kommune). Bedriftene ble pålagt av Miljødirektoratet å gjennomføre SO2-målinger i ...
    • Ground-based validation of the Copernicus Sentinel-5P TROPOMI NO2 measurements with the NDACC ZSL-DOAS, MAX-DOAS and Pandonia global networks 

      Verhoelst, Tijl; Compernolle, Steven; Pinardi, Gaia; Lambert, Jean-Christopher; Eskes, Henk J.; Eichmann, Kai Uwe; Fjæraa, Ann Mari; Granville, José; Niemeijer, Sander; Cede, Alexander; Tiefengraber, Martin; Hendrick, François; Pazmino, Andrea; Bais, Alkiviadis; Bazureau, Ariane; Boersma, K. Folkert; Bognar, Kristof; Dehn, Angelika; Donner, Sebastian; Elokhov, Aleksandr; Gebetsberger, Manuel; Goutail, Florence; de la Mora, Michel Grutter; Gruzdev, Aleksandr; Gratsea, Myrto; Hansen, Georg H.; Irie, Hitoshi; Jepsen, Nis; Kanaya, Yugo; Karagkiozidis, Dimitris; Kivi, Rigel; Kreher, Karin; Levelt, Pieternel F.; Liu, Cheng; Muller, Moritz; Comas, Monica Navarro; Piters, Ankie J.M.; Pommereau, Jean-Pierre; Portafaix, Thierry; Prados-Roman, Cristina; Puentedura, Olga; Querel, Richard; Remmers, Julia; Richter, Andreas; Rimmer, John; Cárdenas, Claudia Rivera; de Miguel, Lidia Saavedra; Sinyakov, Valery P.; Stremme, Wolfgang; Strong, Kimberly; Van Roozendael, Michel; Veefkind, J. Pepijn; Wagner, Thomas; Wittrock, Folkard; Gonzalez, Margarita Yela; Zehner, Claus (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      This paper reports on consolidated ground-based validation results of the atmospheric NO2 data produced operationally since April 2018 by the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) on board of the ESA/EU Copernicus ...
    • A European aerosol phenomenology - 7: High-time resolution chemical characteristics of submicron particulate matter across Europe 

      Bressi, Michaël; Cavalli, Fabrizia; Putaud, Jean-Philippe; Fröhlich, Roman; Petit, Jean Eudes; Aas, Wenche; Aijälä, Mikko; Alastuey, Andrés; Allan, James Donald; Aurela, Minna A.; Berico, Massimo; Bougiatioti, Aikaterini; Bukowiecki, Nicolas; Canonaco, Francesco; Crenn, Vincent; Dusanter, Sebastien; Ehn, Mikael; Elsasser, Michael; Flentje, Harald; Graf, Peter; Green, David C.; Heikkinen, Liine M.; Hermann, Hartmut; Holzinger, Rupert; Hueglin, Christoph; Keernik, Hannes; Kiendler-Scharr, Astrid; Kubelová, Lucie; Lunder, Chris Rene; Maasikmets, Marek; Makes, Otakar; Malaguti, Antonella; Mihalopoulos, N. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Similarities and differences in the submicron atmospheric aerosol chemical composition are analyzed from a unique set of measurements performed at 21 sites across Europe for at least one year. These sites are located between ...
    • Time trends of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and Chemicals of Emerging Arctic Concern (CEAC) in Arctic air from 25 years of monitoring 

      Wong, Fiona; Hung, Hayley; Dryfhout-Clark, Helena; Aas, Wenche; Bohlin-Nizzetto, Pernilla; Breivik, Knut; Mastromonaco, Michelle N.; Brorström-Lundén, Eva; Ólafsdóttir, Kristín; Sigurdsson, Arni; Vorkamp, Katrin; Bossi, Rossana; Skov, Henrik; Hakola, Hannele; Barresi, Enzo; Sverko, Ed; Fellin, Phil; Li, Henrik; Vlasenko, Alexander; Zapevalov, Mikhail; Samsonov, Dmitry; Wilson, Simon (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The long-term time trends of atmospheric pollutants at eight Arctic monitoring stations are reported. The work was conducted under the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) of the Arctic Council. The monitoring ...
    • Spatiotemporal Analysis of Perfluoroalkyl Substances in White-Tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) Nestlings from Northern Norway-A Ten-Year Study 

      Jouanneau, William; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Herzke, Dorte; Johnsen, Trond Vidar; Eulaers, Igor; Bustnes, Jan Ove (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Scandinavia has suffered from impaired reproduction due to high exposure to industrial pollution between the 1960s and 1980s. While population numbers are rising again, new ...
    • Embedding Ethical Impact Assessment in Nanosafety Decision Support 

      Malsch, Ineke; Isigonis, Panagiotis; Dusinska, Maria; Bouman, Evert (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Nanotechnology is a key enabling technology, which is developing fast and influences many aspects of life. Nanomaterials are already included in a broad range of products and industrial sectors. Nanosafety issues are still ...
    • SEVIRI Aerosol Optical Depth Validation Using AERONET and Intercomparison with MODIS in Central and Eastern Europe 

      Ajtai, Nicolae; Mereuta, Alexandru; Stefanie, Horatiu; Radovici, Andrei; Botezan, Camelia; Zawadzka-Manko, Olga; Stachlewska, Iwona S.; Stebel, Kerstin; Zehner, Claus (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      This paper presents the validation results of Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) retrieved from the Spinning Enhanced Visible Infrared Radiometer (SEVIRI) data using the near-real-time algorithm further developed in the frame of ...
    • Real-time measurement of radionuclide concentrations and its impact on inverse modeling of 106Ru release in the fall of 2017 

      Tichý, Ondřej; Hýza, Miroslav; Evangeliou, Nikolaos; Šmídl, Václav (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Low concentrations of 106Ru were detected across Europe at the turn of September and October 2017. The origin of 106Ru has still not been confirmed; however, current studies agree that the release occurred probably near ...
    • Quantification of Element Mass Concentrations in Ambient Aerosols by Combination of Cascade Impactor Sampling and Mobile Total Reflection X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy 

      Seeger, Stefan; Osan, Janos; Czömpöly, Ottó; Gross, Armin; Stosnach, Hagen; Stabile, Luca; Ochsenkuehn-Petropoulou, Maria; Tsakanika, Lamprini Areti; Lymperopoulou, Theopisti; Goddard, Sharon; Fiebig, Markus; Gaie-Levrel, Francois; Kayser, Yves; Beckhoff, Burkhard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Quantitative chemical analysis of airborne particulate matter (PM) is vital for the understanding of health effects in indoor and outdoor environments, as well as for enforcing EU air quality regulations. Typically, airborne ...
    • Error Prediction of Air Quality at Monitoring Stations Using Random Forest in a Total Error Framework 

      Lepioufle, Jean-Marie; Marsteen, Leif; Johnsrud, Mona (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Instead of a flag valid/non-valid usually proposed in the quality control (QC) processes of air quality (AQ), we proposed a method that predicts the p-value of each observation as a value between 0 and 1. We based our error ...
    • Safe(r) by design implementation in the nanotechnology industry 

      Jiménes, Araceli Sánchez; Puelles, Raquel; Pérez-Fernández, Marta; Gómez-Fernández, Paloma; Barruetabena, Leire; Jacobsen, Nicklas Raun; Suarez-Merino, Blanca; Micheletti, Christian; Manier, Nicolas; Trouiller, Benedicte; Navas, José Maria; Kalman, Judit; Salieri, Beatrice; Hischier, Roland; Handzhiyski, Yordan; Apostolova, Margarita D.; Hadrup, Niels; Bouillard, Jaques; Oudart, Yohan; Merino, Cesar; Garcia, Erika; Liguori, Biase; Sabella, Stefania; Rose, Jerome; Maison, Armand; Galea, Karen S.; Kelly, Sean; Stepankova, Sandra; Mouneyrac, Catherine; Barrick, Andrew; Chatel, Amelie; Dusinska, Maria; Rundén-Pran, Elise; Mariussen, Espen; Bressot, Christophe; Aguerre-Chariol, Olivier; Shandilya, Neeraj; Goede, Henk; Gomez-Cordon, Julio; Simar, Sophie; Nesslany, Fabrice; Jensen, Keld Alstrup; van Tongeren, Martie; Llopis, Isabel Rodriguez (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The implementation of Safe(r) by Design (SbD) in industrial innovations requires an integrated approach where the human, environmental and economic impact of the SbD measures is evaluated across and throughout the nanomaterial ...
    • Low-cost sensors and networks. Overview of current status by the Norwegian Reference Laboratory for Air Quality. 

      Castell, Nuria (NILU report;15/2020, Research report, 2021)
      The increase of the commercial availability of low-cost sensor technology to monitor atmospheric composition is contributing to the rapid adoption of such technology by both public authorities and self-organized initiatives ...
    • Pan-European rural monitoring network shows dominance of NH3 gas and NH4NO3 aerosol in inorganic atmospheric pollution load 

      Tang, Y. Sim; Flechard, Chris R.; Dämmgen, Ulrich; Vidic, Sonja; Djuricic, Vesna; Mitosinkova, Marta; Uggerud, Hilde Thelle; Sanz, Maria J.; Simmons, Ivan; Dragosits, Ulrike; Nemitz, Eiko; Twigg, Marsailidh; van Dijk, Netty; Fauvel, Yannick; Sanz, Francisco; Ferm, Martin; Perrino, Cinzia; Catrambone, Maria; Leaver, David; Braban, Christine F.; Cape, J. Neil; Heal, Mathew R.; Sutton, Mark A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      A comprehensive European dataset on monthly atmospheric NH3, acid gases (HNO3, SO2, HCl), and aerosols (NH+4, NO−3, SO2−4, Cl−, Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+) is presented and analysed. Speciated measurements were made with a low-volume ...
    • Optimization of a low flow sampler for improved assessment of gas and particle bound exposure to chlorinated paraffins 

      Al Saify, Insam; Cioni, Lara; van Mourik, Louise M.; Brandsma, Sicco H.; Warner, Nicholas Alexander (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      An optimized low volume sampler was developed to determine both gas- and particle bound concentrations of short and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (S/MCCPs). Background contamination was limited by the sampler design, ...
    • Målinger av PM10 i Lohavn. April og mai 2020. 

      Hak, Claudia; Tønnesen, Dag (NILU rapport;26/2020, Research report, 2021)
      NILU – Norsk institutt for luftforskning har på oppdrag fra HAV Eiendom utført målinger av svevestøv (PM10) i Lohavn i Oslo. Området skal utvikles til et nytt byområde med boliger, skole, utearealer og næring. PM-konsentrasjonen ...
    • Changes in black carbon emissions over Europe due to COVID-19 lockdowns 

      Evangeliou, Nikolaos; Platt, Stephen Matthew; Eckhardt, Sabine; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Laj, Paolo; Alados-Arboledas, Lucas; Backman, John; Brem, Benjamin T.; Fiebig, Markus; Flentje, Harald; Marinoni, Angela; Pandolfi, Marco; Yus-Diez, Jesus; Prats, Natalia; Putaud, Jean-Philippe; Sellegri, Karine; Sorribas, Mar; Eleftheriadis, Konstantinos; Vratolis, Stergios; Wiedensohler, Alfred; Stohl, Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Following the emergence of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) responsible for COVID-19 in December 2019 in Wuhan (China) and its spread to the rest of the world, the World Health Organization ...