Now showing items 1-20 of 3421

    • Optical and Microphysical Properties of the Aerosols during a Rare Event of Biomass-Burning Mixed with Polluted Dust 

      Gidarakou, Marilena; Papayannis, Alexandros; Kokkalis, Panagiotis; Evangeliou, Nikolaos; Vratolis, Stergios; Remoundaki, Emmanouella; Zwaaftink, Christine Groot; Eckhardt, Sabine; Veselovskii, Igor; Mylonaki, Maria; Argyrouli, Athina; Eleftheriadis, Konstantinos; Solomos, Stavros; Gini, Maria (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      A rare event of mixed biomass-burning and polluted dust aerosols was observed over Athens, Greece (37.9° N, 23.6° E), during 21–26 May 2014. This event was studied using a synergy of a 6-wavelength elastic-Raman-depolarization ...
    • Holocene black carbon in New Zealand lake sediment records 

      Brugger, Sandra O.; McWethy, David B.; Chellman, Nathan J.; Prebble, Matiu; Courtney Mustaphi, Colin J.; Eckhardt, Sabine; Plach, Andreas; Stohl, Andreas; Wilmshurst, Janet M.; McConnell, Joseph R.; Whitlock, Cathy (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Black carbon emitted from incomplete combustion of biomass and fossil fuel burning is an important aerosol; however, available long-term black carbon data are limited to remote polar and high-alpine ice cores from few ...
    • Equilibrium Climate after Spectral and Bolometric Irradiance Reduction in Grand Solar Minimum Simulations 

      Tartaglione, Nazario; Toniazzo, Thomas; Otterå, Odd Helge; Orsolini, Yvan Joseph Georges Emile G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      In this study, we use the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, forced by present-day atmospheric composition and coupled to a Slab Ocean Model, to simulate the state of the climate under grand solar minimum forcing ...
    • The challenges of opportunistic sampling when comparing prevalence of plastics in diving seabirds: A multi-species example from Norway 

      Benjaminsen, Stine Charlotte; Dehnhard, Nina; Herzke, Dorte; Johnsen, Arild; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Bourgeon, Sophie; Collard, France; Langset, Magdalene; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Gabrielsen, Geir W. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      There is a need for baseline information about how much plastics are ingested by wildlife and potential negative consequences thereof. We analysed the frequency of occurrence (FO) of plastics >1 mm in the stomachs of five ...
    • Phthalate contamination in marine mammals off the Norwegian coast 

      Andvik, Clare Margaret; Bories, Pierre; Harju, Mikael; Borgå, Katrine; Jourdain, Eve Marie; Karoliussen, Richard; Rikardsen, Audun Håvard; Routti, Heli Anna Irmeli; Blévin, Pierre (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Phthalates are used in plastics, found throughout the marine environment and have the potential to cause adverse health effects. In the present study, we quantified blubber concentrations of 11 phthalates in 16 samples ...
    • The FAIRness of ACTRIS Data Centre 

      Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Fiebig, Markus; Rud, Richard Olav; Mona, Lucia; Dema, Claudio; Pascal, Nicolas; Henry, Patrice; Picquet-Varrault, Bénédicte; Brissebrat, Guillaume; Boonne, Cathy; O'Connor, Ewan; Tukiainen, Simo (NILU report;7/2023, Research report, 2024)
      The purpose of this report is to document the status and implementation of FAIRness within ACTRIS Data centre as of March 2023, developed over the period January 2019 – March 2023. The report is an extended version of ...
    • A scalable method for identifying key indicators to assess urban environmental sustainability: A case study in Norway 

      Liu, Hai Ying; Ebrahimi, Babak (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Urbanization presents numerous societal challenges and exacerbates environmental issues. It is crucial to comprehend the current state and future direction of cities to formulate strategies and actions that mitigate negative ...
    • Trends in polar ozone loss since 1989: potential sign of recovery in the Arctic ozone column 

      Pazmiño, Andrea; Goutail, Florence; Godin-Beekmann, Sophie; Hauchecorne, Alain; Pommereau, Jean-Pierre; Chipperfield, Martyn P.; Feng, Wuhu; Lefèvre, Franck; Lecouffe, Audrey; Van Roozendael, Michel; Jepsen, Nis; Hansen, Georg H.; Kivi, Rigel; Strong, Kimberly; Walker, Kaley A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Ozone depletion over the polar regions is monitored each year by satellite- and ground-based instruments. In this study, the vortex-averaged ozone loss over the last 3 decades is evaluated for both polar regions using the ...
    • Reassessing the role of urban green space in air pollution control 

      Venter, Zander; Hassani, Amirhossein; Stange, Erik; Schneider, Philipp; Castell, Nuria (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      The assumption that vegetation improves air quality is prevalent in scientific, popular, and political discourse. However, experimental and modeling studies show the effect of green space on air pollutant concentrations ...
    • Analysis of nitro- and oxy-PAH emissions from a pilot scale silicon process with flue gas recirculation 

      Arnesen, Kamilla; Andersen, Vegar; Jakovljevic, Katarina; Enge, Ellen Katrin; Gaertner, Heiko; Aarhaug, Thor Anders; Einarsrud, Kristian Etienne; Tranell, Maria Gabriella (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Silicon alloys are produced by carbothermic reduction of quartz in a submerged arc furnace. This high-temperature pyrolytic process is a source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are a group of aromatic ...
    • Effect of demand-controlled ventilation strategies on indoor air pollutants in a classroom: A Norwegian case study 

      Yang, Aileen; Andersen, Kamilla Heimar; Hak, Claudia; Mikoviny, Tomas; Wisthaler, Armin; Holøs, Sverre Bjørn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The choice of the minimum ventilation rate (Vmin) in a demand-controlled ventilation strategy can influence energy demand but also introduce outdoor air pollutants. The latter may have direct health effects, as well as ...
    • Chlorinated paraffins and dechloranes in free-range chicken eggs and soil around waste disposal sites in Tanzania 

      Haarr, Ane; Nipen, Maja; Mwakalapa, Eliezer Brown; Borgen, Anders; Mmochi, Aviti J.; Borgå, Katrine (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Electronic waste is a source of both legacy and emerging flame retardants to the environment, especially in regions where sufficient waste handling systems are lacking. In the present study, we quantified the occurrence ...
    • Årsrapport 2023. Nasjonalt referanselaboratorium for luftkvalitetsmålinger. 

      Marsteen, Leif; Johnsrud, Mona; Hak, Claudia; Dauge, Franck Rene; Tørnkvist, Kjersti Karlsen (NILU rapport;5/2024, Research report, 2024)
      Denne rapporten oppsummerer oppgavene til Nasjonalt referanselaboratorium for luftkvalitetsmålinger (NRL), delkontrakt 1b, for året 2023. Dette er første årsrapport etter at ny kontrakt trådte i kraft 1. desember 2022.
    • Alcoa Mosjøen. Measurements of CF4 and C2F6 emissions from Alcoa Aluminium’s smelter at Mosjøen, Norway. 

      Schmidbauer, Norbert; Hermansen, Ove; Lunder, Chris Rene (NILU report;8/2023, Research report, 2024)
      NILU performed a test campaign for measurements of CF4 and C2F6 for stack emissions at Alcoa Mosjøen Smelter. Time-integrated samples were taken with evacuated canisters combined with low-flow restrictors for continuous ...
    • Circular economy for aquatic food systems: insights from a multiscale phosphorus flow analysis in Norway 

      Pandit, Avijit Vinayak; Dittrich, Nils Maximilian; Strand, Andrea Viken; Lozach, Loïs; Las Heras Hernandez, Miguel; Reitan, Kjell Inge; Mueller, Daniel Beat (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      As wild-caught fish become scarce, feed ingredients for farming fish, such as salmon, are increasingly sourced from agricultural plants that depend on mineral fertilizers. Since these fish are naturally carnivorous, they ...
    • Query-driven Qualitative Constraint Acquisition 

      Belaid, Mohamed-Bachir; Belmecheri, Nassim; Gotlieb, Arnaud; Lazaar, Nadjib; Spieker, Helge (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
    • Impact of Aerosol Optical Properties, Precipitable Water, and Solar Geometry on Sky Radiances Using Radiative Transfer Modeling 

      Giannaklis, Christos-Panagiotis; Logothetis, Stavros-Andreas; Salamalikis, Vasileios; Tzoumanikas, Panagiotis; Kazantzidis, Andreas (Journal article, 2023)
      Radiative transfer modeling is used to investigate the effect of aerosol optical properties and water vapor on cloud-free sky radiances at various atmospheric conditions. Simulations are generated by changing the most ...
    • Decreasing trends of ammonia emissions over Europe seen from remote sensing and inverse modelling 

      Tichý, Ondřej; Eckhardt, Sabine; Balkanski, Yves; Hauglustaine, Didier; Evangeliou, Nikolaos (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Ammonia (NH3), a significant precursor of particulate matter, affects not only biodiversity, ecosystems, and soil acidification but also climate and human health. In addition, its concentrations are constantly rising due ...
    • Plastics as a carrier of chemical additives to the Arctic: Possibilities for strategic monitoring across the circumpolar North 

      Hamilton, Bonnie M.; Baak, Julia E.; Vorkamp, Katrin; Hammer, Sjúrður; Granberg, Maria; Herzke, Dorte; Provencher, Jennifer F. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Plastic pollution (including microplastics) has been reported in a variety of biotic and abiotic compartments across the circumpolar Arctic. Due to their environmental ubiquity, there is a need to understand not only the ...
    • Standards and Open Access are the ICOS Pillars: Reply to “Comments on ‘The Integrated Carbon Observation System in Europe’” 

      Papale, Dario; Heiskanen, Jouni; Brümmer, Christian; Buchmann, Nina; Calfapietra, Carlo; Carrara, Arnaud; Chen, Huilin; Gielen, Bert; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Hammer, Samuel; Hartman, Susan; Herbst, Mathias; Janssens, Ivan A.; Jordan, Armin; Juurola, Eija; Karstens, Ute; Kasurinen, Ville; Kruijt, Bart; Lankreijer, Harry; Levin, Ingeborg; Linderson, Maj-Lena; Loustau, Denis; Merbold, Lutz; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Pavelka, Marian; Pilegaard, Kim; Ramonet, Michel; Rebmann, Corinna; Rinne, Janne; Rivier, Leonard; Saltikoff, Elena; Sanders, Richard; Steinbacher, Martin; Steinhoff, Tobias; Watson, Andrew; Vermeulen, Alex T.; Vesala, Timo; Vitkova, Gabriela; Kutsch, Werner (Others, 2023)